Effect of two temperatures on ammonia excretion rates of Seriolella violacea (Palm fish) juveniles under rearing conditions.
Nerici, C., Silva, A., & Merino, G.
Nitrogenous compounds can be toxic to aquatic animals, especially when they are reared for production purposes at high stocking densities. Seriolella violacea is a pelagic fish, native from the easterly South Pacific Ocean. This species has shown desirable behavioral and metabolic characteristics under captivity conditions, which leaded the Marine Fish Laboratory from the UCN to increase its efforts on the research and development to validate S. violacea as a new aquaculture option. Therefore, the objective of this study is to determine the excretion rates of palm fish juveniles weighing 300–500 g at two different temperatures: 14 °C and 18 °C. Total ammonia as nitrogen (TAN) excreted was 4.4 ± 0.9 and 7.1 ± 1.9 mg TAN/kg fish/h for 14 °C and 18 °C respectively. The experiments were carried out in a recirculating system operating as a farm-like situation. Tests were performed in 1000 L rearing tanks operating as open respirometers. The results of the present study indicate that TAN excretion rates on S. violacea juveniles, is temperature dependent. Data obtained in these experiments are valuable information for the engineering design of land based aquaculture systems for palm fish.
Palabras claves: Seriolella violacea; Excretion rates; Ammonia; Recirculating aquaculture system; Water quality
Referencia APA: Nerici, C., Silva, A., & Merino, G. (2012). Effect of two temperatures on ammonia excretion rates of Seriolella violacea (Palm fish) juveniles under rearing conditions. Aquacultural Engineering, 46, 47-52.
Floating Seaweeds and Their Communities.
Rothäusler, E., Gutow, L., & Thiel, M.
A wide diversity of floating seaweeds is found in temperate and subpolar regions of the world’s oceans where sea surface currents and winds determine their traveling velocities and directions. The importance of floating seaweeds as dispersal agents for associated organisms and for the algae themselves varies depending on the supply from benthic source populations and on their persistence at the sea surface. Persistence of floating algae depends on water temperature, grazing activity, epifaunal load, and, to a lesser extent, on prevailing irradiance conditions. In temperate regions, persistence of floating algae is primarily limited by warm sea surface temperatures and high densities of motile and sessile epifauna whereas at higher latitudes algae can successfully compensate grazer-induced tissue loss by continuous growth at the prevailing low water temperatures. Accordingly, floating seaweeds can bridge large oceanic distances especially at high latitudes allowing for connectivity among distant benthic populations of algae and associated rafters.
Referencia APA: Rothäusler, E., Gutow, L., & Thiel, M. (2012). Floating Seaweeds and Their Communities. Ecological Studies, 359-380.
Authentication of commercialized crab-meat in Chile using DNA Barcoding.
Haye, P., Segovia, N., Vera, R., Gallardo, M., & Gallardo-Escárate, C.
Authentication of commercialized marine products has become a market priority. Crustaceans are benthic marine resources highly exploited in Chile. Brachyuran crabs are of particular interest and in Chile are commercialized with different processing and presentations. Generally, Chilean brachyuran crab-meat commercial packages do not include taxonomic information, which in addition to the loss of diagnostic characters during the processing, impedes the identification of species being commercialized. The goal of this study was to determine which brachyuran species are being commercialized in the Chilean market using DNA Barcoding and phylogenetic analysis. For authentication of commercial crab-meat and DNA Barcoding a partial sequence of the Cytochrome Oxidase I (COI) gene of seven commercialized brachyuran species in Chile were used. For authentication, samples were obtained from seven commercial formats available on the local market in Coquimbo, Chile. Most commercial packages contained more than one species of crab. The Species detected in order of frequency are Metacarcinus edwardsii, Romaleon polyodon, Cancer porteri, Cancer plebejus, and Homalaspis plana. Mislabeling was detected in one of the commercial formats that declared including meat from Cancer species. The procedure presented herein, based on standard DNA Barcoding as well as phylogenetic analyses, can be used for the normative control of crab-meat processed products.
Palabras claves: Food authentication; DNA Barcoding; Crab meat; Species identification; Mislabeling; Conservation genetics
Referencia APA: Haye, P., Segovia, N., Vera, R., Gallardo, M., & Gallardo-Escárate, C. (2012). Authentication of commercialized crab-meat in Chile using DNA Barcoding. Food Control, 25(1), 239-244.